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「道成了肉身,住在我們中間,充充滿滿的有恩典(Charis)有真理(Alethia)。我們也見過他的榮光,正是父獨生子的榮光。」(約翰福音1:14)

六四、饒恕、復和

June 4th還記得 20 年前的夏天,正是我由小學升中學的那個暑假。當時六四事件以及有關的政治問題對我這個 12 歲的小朋友還是一件不易理解的事。我只知道,每天待在家中看著電視機那些驚恐的場面,有如美國人經歷 911 那樣的震憾性。我只能做到的,只是仿傚報章上的卡通,劃一下臭化鄧小平、李鵬等人的圖像,然後拿給爸媽看。還有試圖穿上黑色的衣服,跟電視上的人一樣,以示哀悼。

20 年後,我已是一個成年人,是一位丈夫、一位爸爸,也成為了一個基督徒。年少的時候,看是非黑白非常簡單。濫權、卸責、官僚腐敗…… 只有電視機裡面的「他們」,才是人性醜惡 (evil) 的化身。成為了基督徒之後,才明白,邪惡不單在我以外,也在我以內。我也是個醜陋的罪人。每個人也需要上帝的恩典、上帝的饒恕。我極其量,都只是個蒙恩的罪人。親嘗恩典,便開始懂得施恩;親嘗被饒恕,才懂得寬恕。縱使這個世界仍然是何等的醜陋,有幾多的公義未能實踐,我堅信活在這個既濟未濟 (already-but-not-yet) 的張力底下,耐心觀察和參與上帝改造世界的工作,正是上帝對我們的召命。這是我理解福音的核心價值。

二十年後,六四事件對於很多人仍然是磨滅不掉的傷痛記憶。但我看見社會也不斷分化成為兩極:不繼續要求平反的,便是親共的懦夫。整天喝著平反的,便是不愛國的走狗。教會也被這種極度敏感的政治氣分籠罩著,弄得沒有人敢多說話。我只是在想,教會能否為社會提供一條新的出路呢?

平反是必要的,但真真正正能夠秉行公義、為無辜的去平反,不在我們,乃在於上帝祂自己,因為主曾說:「伸冤在我,我必報應」(羅 12:19)

上帝所託付教會的職事,不是去追討別人的罪債,乃是在人間實踐復和的工作。

我想提問的是:為什麼那麼少聽見基督徒在六四事件上談及饒恕和復和的工作呢?

通常聽見的,都是以上所提及兩極分化的言論。

回顧盧安達大屠殺、南非種族隔離的事件上,隔岸觀火地看見那邊的基督徒釋放出真正饒恕和復和的力量,很多人會拍手喝采說好。但一談到埋身的事情,例如六四事件,便作另一回事看待。彷彿一日未平反,一日就不能饒恕,沒有任何復和的餘地。憤慨的心情翣時間曚閉了有愛的心。

另一方面,也有人強調寬恕,叫人忘記背後,努力面前。過往的傷痛記憶,就讓時間將它沖淡吧。正如胡志偉牧師所說,這些輕率地寬恕體諒的論述,其實只是逃避痛苦的廉價恩典。

我認為,兩種處理手法也是不足的。不斷抗衡或輕易抹去傷痕都是沒有出路的。

真正的出路是要一邊正視過往的歷史傷痛,一邊帶著上帝的愛和恩典去包紮傷口。不正視問題,只會引來更多的怨憤。沒有愛和恩典的公義伸訴,也一樣只會增加仇視和堆積隔膜。

唯有我們清楚明白每一個人 (不論是做錯事的官僚或是電視機前慨憤的你我) 都虧缺了上帝的榮耀,每一個人也需要上帝的饒恕和恩典,我們才能從這個死結中被解放出來,繼續向前行。

復和是一條漫長而要付出代價的過程;不是一次集會或某次祈禱會就能妥善解決。正因為需要復和事件的背後,由不同成因導致,涉及的關係千絲萬縷,不可輕易地找數位已退位官員出來認錯道歉,就能一筆勾銷所有的不是。

…… 我們要有勇氣打破對立,學習聆聽,擁抱異見,促進公義。期盼將有一天,我們可在天安門廣場舉行和平集會,記念六四事件,公義得著彰顯,關係可以復和,證明我們確是自信與寬容的大國崛起 !

走出六四、復和公義 - 胡志偉牧師

期盼那一天,不用再多等二十年。


Posted in Church, Politics, Posts in Chinese, Theology.

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11 Responses

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  1. Edmund says

    要寬恕,就一定不可以忘記。這是我從Volf 那裡學的。

    • Anson says

      Edmund: 你所指的是否 Volf 的 The End of Memory, Free of Charge, or Exclusion and Embrace?我一路到未有機會讀到他的著作,希望選一本,你會介紹邊本呢?

    • Alvin says

      Many people said forgive != forget. However, I wonder if this has any biblical support. Please advise!

      • Anson says

        Jesus just taught us to forgive. In terms of forgetting, no one can force oneself to forget something. In fact, the more you try to do so, the more you will remember. Only when one’s mind is focused on other things that the memory may fade away. Forgiving is what we can do. Forgetting is what we cannot control. We should focus on what we can instead of what we can’t.

        Maybe Mark Driscoll’s preaching on “10 things what forgiveness is not” will help:
        http://marshill.com/2010/09/27/10-things-forgiveness-is-not

        • Alvin says

          This is a topic which quite puzzles me. There are a lot tensions that stretch me in b/w the reality and theology.

          In reality, you see people say “forget it” to the unwanted past. However, those who say so are the ones who remember most. Also, if you observed those dementia elders, you will notice it is quite common that they forget quite lot details of their pasts. However, at the same time, they keep very well the emotions of hatred, un-forgiveness, and enmity. Sometimes, I think I won’t know if I truly forgive that person or not until I got dementia.

          In theology, I never see Jesus said: “I forgive you, but you know my memory is pretty good.” Truly I don’t see that. Moreover, if you believe the existence of heaven, do you think we all forget our hurt past? If you believe we will do so, why God don’t want us to do it now?

          • Anson says

            I think Jesus’ resurrected life and body remains the clue as to what we would experience in the future. There is both continuity and discontinuity. Jesus’ resurrected body has scars. He pointed Thomas to them. The horrific memory of the cross has not been forgotten. However, it doesn’t ache anymore. It is just a scar. The resurrected life and body of Jesus is also a glorified life and body. He doesn’t hold grudges against the Roman soldiers, but has so much newness in him that he wanted to show his disciples. Perhaps it will be the same for us. When we receive our resurrected bodies, we will still have the scars that remind us of our past life, but they will be relatively unimportant compared to the life and the glory of the Kingdom that we inherit.

            God wants us to forgive and let go, not just because it releases us from the past, but also because there is so much more and much better stuff ahead of us in his Kingdom.

        • Alvin says

          Btw, thanks for your reply.

  2. alan yu says

    「上帝所託付教會的職事,不是去追討別人的罪債,乃是在人間實踐復和的工作。
    我想提問的是:為什麼那麼少聽見基督徒在六四事件上談及饒恕和復和的工作呢?」

    Bingo!

    • Anson says

      Alan: 知到你們 AFC 的主題也是復和,希望來日能夠聽到一些有關復和跟六四事件的應用吧。越敏感、越痛的地方,便是越需要講復和的地方。不然,還有那裡值得講呢?

  3. alan yu says

    使者 VIIVXX 燭光祈禱晚會
    coming soon

  4. Edmund says

    那一本到可以。Free of Charge 是比較容易的入口。

    也試試了解他的生平故事,就可以看見Grace和Forgiveness的救贖力量。